STSS: Symptoms of a deadly infection that is spreading at a record pace in Japan

A rare bacterial infection is spreading rapidly in Japan. We are talking about a significant increase in cases of streptococcal toxic shock syndrome (STSS), the mortality rate of which is 30%.

According to The Japan Times, the disease is usually caused by bacteria called group A streptococci.

Japan has recorded more than 900 confirmed cases of STSS in 2023, according to the country's National Health Service. In January and February of this year, 378 cases of infection have already been registered.

The bacterium is highly contagious and can lead to serious illness and death in people over 30 years of age. Older people are traditionally at increased risk.

As is known from open sources, streptococcal toxic shock syndrome is a rare disease caused by toxins secreted by certain strains of streptococcal bacteria.

Reason. STSS is usually caused by certain strains of streptococcal bacteria, such as Streptococcus pyogenes. These bacteria can enter the body through wounds, burns or after surgery.

Risk factors. People with weakened immune systems, as well as women after childbirth, are more susceptible to developing STSS.

TreatmentSTSS usually includes antibiotics and supportive care to manage symptoms.

Symptoms of streptococcal toxic shock syndrome include:

  • Fever ( over 38.9 °C).
  • A rash that may be red and cover most of the body.
  • Severe pain in muscles and joints.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Redness of the eyes and mucous membranes.
  • Decreased blood pressure.

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Important! Information is provided for reference purposes. Ask a specialist about contraindications and side effects and under no circumstances self-medicate. At the first signs of illness, consult a doctor.