Russian expert: in which regions have dangerous ticks been recorded and what diseases do they carry?


Aleksey Kostarnoy, head of the laboratory of rickettsia ecology of the Gamaleya Research Center of Epidemiology and Microbiology of the Ministry of Health, spoke about the regions in which dangerous ticks can be found.

According to him, almost everywhere, except for Vorkuta, Murmansk, Yakutia, the Yamalo-Nenets District, Norilsk, and territories located in the Arctic. Infection-carrying ticks are present in most Russian regions.

— Ticks can be found in any area where there are plants and food animals, including domestic dogs and small rodents. Tick ​​suction can occur in a city park and in other urban areas, the specialist noted.

Ticks can carry viral encephalitis, tick-borne rickettsiosis, tick-borne borreliosis (Lyme disease) and other infections.
< br>High probability of contracting viral encephalitis:

Kaliningrad and Leningrad regions, Karelia, other regions of the Central District and Siberian Federal District, Volga region, Transbaikalia, Altai, Tyva, regions of the Far East.

Tick-borne rickettsiosis:

the European part of Russia, in a number of Siberian regions (Altai Republic, Altai Territory, Khakassia, Tyva, Novosibirsk, Irkutsk and Krasnoyarsk regions), in the Far East.

Tick-borne borreliosis (Lyme disease):

Moscow and region, St. Petersburg and region, Vologda, Lipetsk, Belgorod, Kaluga and Samara regions, Krasnodar region, Tatarstan, Siberia, Ural.

Tick-borne encephalitis is a viral disease transmitted through a tick bite. It can cause inflammation of the brain. Symptoms can range from mild flu-like symptoms to serious neurological complications.

Lyme disease, or borreliosis, is an infectious disease caused by the bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi, transmitted through the bite of an infected tick. If left untreated, Lyme disease can progress and cause serious complications, including problems with the heart, nervous system, and joints.

Tick-borne rickettsial disease is a potentially fatal rickettsial infection carried by ixodid ticks. It causes a rash, headache and severe fever.

Earlier, MedicForum wrote that from the moment a tick is sucked on, there are 96 hours for immunoglobulin prophylaxis. More details

Important! Information is provided for reference purposes. Ask a specialist about contraindications and side effects and under no circumstances self-medicate. At the first signs of illness, consult a doctor.