Doctor Demyanovskaya: taking medications can trigger diabetes. Pay attention to unusual signs

According to doctor Ekaterina Demyanovskaya, the development of diabetes mellitus (DM) can be triggered by taking certain medications. She recalled that diabetes is a disease associated with impaired carbohydrate metabolism.

— Diabetes can be triggered by taking certain medications—glucocorticosteroids, drugs for the treatment of diseases of the cardiovascular and nervous systems— noted by the doctor.

Main causes of diabetes:

  • impaired insulin production. This is a hormone that regulates carbohydrate metabolism in the body: it promotes the movement of glucose from the general bloodstream into cells.
  • insulin resistance. This is a condition in which cells lose sensitivity to insulin and do not allow glucose to enter.
  • reduced incretin effect. Incretins are hormones of the gastrointestinal tract; they are produced in response to food intake and activate insulin synthesis.
  • disruption of the synthesis of the hormone glucagon. Glucagon (not to be confused with glycogen) is a pancreatic hormone that promotes the release of glucose from the body's stores. Insulin antagonist
  • increased reabsorption of glucose in the kidneys. Glucose reabsorption is accomplished by the brush border transporters of the apical membrane of epithelial cells. They transport glucose only if they simultaneously bind and transport sodium.

The doctor mentioned factors that increase the risk of developing the disease:

  • diabetes mellitus in the family, genetic predisposition,
  • overweight,
  • physical inactivity,
  • age over 45 years,
  • cardiovascular diseases ,
  • some endocrine diseases,
  • high blood pressure
  • high cholesterol.

Atypical symptoms of diabetes include:

  • deterioration of hearing and vision,
  • < li>darkening of the skin on the neck, groin and armpits (acanthosis nigricans),

  • metallic taste in the mouth,
  • burning and pain when swallowing food,
  • numbness and a crawling sensation in the arms and legs.

Early signs of type 2 diabetes:

  • Constant thirst
  • Dry mouth
  • Intense hunger
  • Frequent urination
  • Fatigue
  • Slow healing of cuts and wounds
  • Blurred vision
  • Itching in the genital area.

Read also: Gastroenterologist Pomoinetskaya: how to replace coffee during exacerbations of the gastrointestinal tract

More on the topic: Important for hypertensive patients: what is persistently high blood pressure

You can read: Endocrinologist Kvasova: good sleep affects weight and is important for the central nervous system

Important! Information is provided for reference purposes. Ask a specialist about contraindications and side effects and under no circumstances self-medicate. At the first signs of illness, consult a doctor.