Cardiologist Korenevich: what pressure numbers lead to problems in the heart, blood vessels and kidneys

Cardiologist Anna Korenevich said that problems in the heart and blood vessels are caused by a persistent increase in pressure above 140/90 mm Hg. The doctor wrote about this in her blog.

— A persistent increase in pressure makes blood vessels fragile, brittle, causes inflammation in the walls of blood vessels, which leads to the growth of atherosclerotic plaques, thrombosis, heart attack and stroke, — the doctor noted.

What else is dangerous about high blood pressure? It leads to heart rhythm disturbances and heart failure, damages the kidney tubules, which causes kidney failure and an even greater increase in blood pressure.

When you first notice high blood pressure, you need to consult a doctor. It is important to keep a blood pressure diary in the morning and evening for a month. If the pressure is consistently below 140/90, then everything is fine.

Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is a chronic condition in which the pressure in the arteries remains above normal for a long time. Symptoms of hypertension:

The main sign of hypertension is high blood pressure, which can be measured with a blood pressure monitor. Normal blood pressure is approximately 120/80 mmHg. With hypertension, the pressure may be constantly elevated or have periodic surges.

Hypertension is often accompanied by headaches, especially in the occipital region. The headache may be throbbing and worsen with exercise or stress.

Hypertension can cause dizziness, especially with sudden movements or changes in body position. Feelings of weakness and fatigue are also common.

Hypertension often causes difficulty breathing and shortness of breath, especially during exercise or physical exertion.

People with hypertension may experience pain or discomfort in the chest area. This is due to a deterioration in the blood supply to the heart.

Hypertension can lead to worsening vision loss due to vascular damage.

What do doctors advise to prevent hypertension?

Proper nutrition. Eat a healthy diet that includes vegetables, fruits, whole grains, low-fat dairy, fish, nuts and seeds. Limit your intake of salt, fat and sugar.

Physical activity. Regular exercise will help strengthen your cardiovascular system and control your weight. Walking, swimming or cycling for 150 minutes a week will help.

Bad habits. Avoid alcohol and nicotine.

Weight control. Maintain a healthy weight.

Stress management. Stress can increase blood pressure. Use relaxation techniques such as yoga, meditation or deep breathing to cope with stress.

Read also: Oncologist surgeon Karasev called lack of strength a possible sign of cancer

You can also read: Gastroenterologist Vyalov warned about the special danger of beer for the stomach

Read further: Doctors called a constantly bloated stomach the main sign of the “silent” type of cancer

Important! Information is provided for reference purposes. Ask a specialist about contraindications and side effects and under no circumstances self-medicate. At the first signs of illness, consult a doctor.

Anna Korenevich Anna Korenevich Medicine Cardiologist