Cardiologist Zakiev: sometimes you can get by with changing your diet to reduce cholesterol

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According to cardiologist Vadim Zakiev, in some cases dietary changes can help to reduce cholesterol without the need to take medications.

Cardiologist Zakiev said, talking with “Gazeta.Ru” that sometimes you can get by with changing your diet to reduce cholesterol.

“For drug therapy, statins, ezetimibe, PCSK9 inhibitors and inclisiran are used. However, drug therapy is always added to the diet. In some patients, it is possible to manage only with dietary changes,” the doctor noted.
The specialist reported that eating in accordance with the Mediterranean diet or the DASH diet effectively helps reduce high cholesterol levels, and there is an evidence base for this effectiveness.

“This implies a maximum avoidance of animal fats, that is, lard, butter, sausages, pork and fatty dairy products. You should add vegetables, fruits, nuts, vegetable oil, primarily olive oil, and fatty fish to your diet,” Zakiev said about these diets.
What foods should not be included in the diet if you have high cholesterol?Doctors advise minimizing or eliminating the following fatty foods:

  • Fatty meat;
  • Processed meat products, including sausages and pies;
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  • Butter, ghee, lard;
  • Cheese;
  • Cream, sour cream and ice cream;
  • Industrial chocolate and confectionery.
  • What is also important for lowering cholesterol is physical activity and mobility. Get out of your chair, walk, and exercise more often.

    Why does high cholesterol occur? Typically, high blood cholesterol levels are closely related to lifestyle factors such as eating too much fatty foods, insufficient exercise, excess weight, smoking or alcohol abuse.

    Signs of high cholesterol:

    • Pain in the legs when running, walking;
    • Yellow spots and deposits under the skin (xanthomas, xanthelasmas);
    • Pain in area of ​​the heart during physical or emotional stress;
    • Shortness of breath;
    • Sudden onset of weakness, fatigue;
    • Weakness in the legs, cold extremities.

    Earlier, the portal wrote about the symptoms of acute pancreatitis, which is dangerous for humans.

    Important!< /b> Information provided for reference purposes. Ask a specialist about contraindications and side effects and under no circumstances self-medicate. At the first signs of illness, consult a doctor.

    Vadim Zakiev Vadim Zakiev Health cardiologist, lecturer at the Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, RSSU